Researchers discover a key hormone in plant survival

The co-receptor of the newly discovered plant hormone, dinor-OPDA. The co-receptor of the newly discovered plant hormone, dinor-OPDA. Roberto Solano, CNB-CSIC

The hormone triggers the defense response in non-vascular plants against such external stresses as pathogens and insects. Led by researchers from the Centro Nacional de Biotecnología of CSIC (CNB-CSIC), the study has also identified the key steps in the synthesis of the hormone and the signaling pathway governing the activation of the plant defense response.


An international study led by researchers at the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) has identified a new hormone that plays a key role in plant survival. The hormone, called dinor-OPDA, enables non-vascular plants (bryophytes) to defend themselves against outside stresses, including pathogens and insects. The study is featured on the cover of Nature Chemical Biology.

“In addition to identifying a plant hormone, we have clarified its biosynthetic pathway and have demonstrated the functional conservation of its signaling pathway (the molecular steps necessary for the hormone to activate the plant’s defenses),” explains Roberto Solano, CSIC researcher at the Centro Nacional de Biotecnología and principal investigator of the study.

The original idea behind the study was to identify how bryophytes (non-vascular plants) mount a defense against attacks from the outside. The defense mechanism in all other land plants (i.e. vascular plants) was previously known to be the jasmonates, which are essential phytohormones in plant survival due to their ability to enable plants to defend themselves from different types of stresses (e.g. pathogens, insects). “Some years ago, our research team discovered the active compound of this hormone, jasmonoyl-isoleucine, in the plant Arabidopsis thaliana,” notes Solano. However, this hormone, which has been found in many other vascular plants, does not exist in bryophytes (non-vascular plants), and as a result it was unknown how these plants defend themselves against external attack.

Using the liverwort Marchantia polymorpha, this newly published research has identified the hormone behind the bryophyte defense mechanism. “Liverworts are a type of bryophyte considered to be the sister lineage of all land plants, meaning they are the modern-day representatives of the first plants to colonize the earth," says Isabel Monte, the study’s first author. “By using this plant, we have demonstrated that the molecular signaling system of the hormone jasmonoyl-isoleucine is conserved in bryophytes, though the hormone that triggers this pathway is different from that found in vascular plants,” she adds. “What is most significant about this research is that we have identified this new hormone as two isometric forms of dinor-OPDA (dinor-cis-OPDA and dinor-iso-OPDA), which are to bryophytes what jasmonoyl-isoleucine is to vascular plants. Additionally, our work has pinpointed the hormone's biosynthetic and signaling pathway,” remarks Solano.

Solano also highlights some other noteworthy conclusions reached in the study: “As Marchantia polymorpha is considered to be the current representative of the first plants to populate the Earth, our findings suggest that the ‘ancestral’ hormone—that is, the hormone present in the lineage shared by all land plants—was dinor-OPDA, with jasmonoyl-isoleucine being a more recent development in vascular plants over the course of evolution. Further, though the hormone we have discovered is present in vascular plants, it was previously taken to be just a precursor of the hormone jasmonoyl-isoleucine. Our paper suggests that the new hormone may also have a hormonal function in vascular plants, which until now has been attributed to jasmonoyl-isoleucine. In our future work we hope to characterize this function.”

Soriano believes that this new research also confirms that studying such phylogenetically disparate organisms as Marchantia polymorpha can can lead to rapid advances in our understanding of the fundamental processes in all plant types.

  • Fuente CSIC
  • Isabel Monte, Sakiko Ishida, Angel M. Zamarreño, Mats Hamberg, José M. Franco Zorrilla, Gloria García-Casado, Caroline Gouhier-Darimont, Philippe Reymond, Kosaku Takahashi, José M. García-Mina, Ryuichi Nishihama, Takayuki Kohchi and Roberto Solano. Ligand-receptor co-evolution shaped the jasmonate pathway in land plants. Nature Chemical Biology. DOI: 10.1038/s41589-018-0033-4

NOTE! This site uses cookies and similar technologies.

If you continue browsing or do not change browser settings, we consider your acepptance for using. Learn more

I understand

COOKIES POLICY

A cookie is a text file that is stored on your computer or mobile device via a web server and only that server will be able to retrieve or read the contents of the cookie and allow the Web site remember browser preferences and navigate efficiently. Cookies make the interaction between the user and the website faster and easier.

General information

This Website uses cookies. Cookies are small text files generated by the web pages you visit, which contain the session data that can be useful later in the website. In this way this Web remembers information about your visit, which can facilitate your next visit and make the website more useful.

How do cookies?

Cookies can only store text, usually always anonymous and encrypted. No personal information is ever stored in a cookie, or can be associated with identified or identifiable person.

The data allow this website to keep your information between the pages, and also to discuss how to interact with the website. Cookies are safe because they can only store information that is put there by the browser, which is information the user entered in the browser or included in the page request. You can not run the code and can not be used to access your computer. If a website encrypts cookie data, only the website can read the information.

What types of cookies used?

The cookies used by this website can be distinguished by the following criteria:

1. Types of cookies as the entity that manages:

Depending on who the entity operating the computer or domain where cookies are sent and treat the data obtained, we can distinguish:

- Own cookies: are those that are sent to the user's terminal equipment from a computer or domain managed by the editor itself and from which provides the service requested by the user.

- Third party cookies: these are those that are sent to the user's terminal equipment from a machine or domain that is not managed by the publisher, but by another entity data is obtained through cookies.

In the event that the cookies are installed from a computer or domain managed by the editor itself but the information collected by these is managed by a third party can not be considered as party cookies.

2. Types of cookies as the length of time that remain active:

Depending on the length of time that remain active in the terminal equipment can be distinguished:

- Session cookies: cookies are a type designed to collect and store data while the user accesses a web page. Are usually used to store information that only worth preserving for the service requested by the user at any one time (eg a list of products purchased).

- Persistent cookies: cookies are a type of data which are stored in the terminal and can be accessed and treated for a period defined by the head of the cookie, and can range from a few minutes to several years.

3. Cookies types according to their purpose:

Depending on the purpose for which the data are processed through cookies, we can distinguish between:

- Technical cookies: these are those that allow the user to navigate through a web page or application platform and the use of different options or services it exist as, for example, control traffic and data communication, identify the session, access to restricted access parts, remember the elements of an order, make the buying process an order, make an application for registration or participation in an event, use security features while browsing store content for dissemination videos or sound or share content via social networks.

- Customization cookies: these are those that allow the user to access the service with some general characteristics based on a predefined set of criteria in the user terminal would eg language, the type of browser through which you access the service, the locale from which you access the service, etc.

- Analysis cookies: they are those that allow the responsible for them, monitoring and analyzing the behavior of users of the web sites that are linked. The information gathered through such cookies are used in measuring the activity of web sites, application or platform and for the profiling of user navigation of such sites, applications and platforms, in order to make improvements function data analysis how users use the service.

Management tool cookies

This Website uses Google Analytics.

Google Analytics is a free tool from Google that primarily allows website owners know how users interact with your website. Also, enable cookies in the domain of the site in which you are and uses a set of cookies called "__utma" and "__utmz" to collect information anonymously and reporting of website trends without identifying individual users..

For statistics of use of this website use cookies in order to know the level of recurrence of our visitors and more interesting content. This way we can concentrate our efforts on improving the most visited areas and make the user more easily find what they are looking for. On this site you can use the information from your visit for statistical evaluations and calculations anonymous data and to ensure the continuity of service or to make improvements to their websites. For more details, see the link below privacy policy [http://www.google.com/intl/en/policies/privacy/]

How to manage cookies on your computer: disabling and deleting cookies

All Internet browsers allow you to limit the behavior of a cookie or disable cookies within settings or browser settings. The steps for doing so are different for each browser, you can find instructions in the help menu of your browser.

If you decline the use of cookies, since it is possible thanks to the preferences menu of your browser or settings, reject, this website will continue to function properly without the use of the same.

Can you allow, block or delete cookies installed on your computer by setting your browser options installed on your computer:

- For more information about Internet Explorer click here.
- For more information on Chrome click here.
- For more information about Safari click here.
- For more information about Firefox click here.

Through your browser, you can also view the cookies that are on your computer, and delete them as you see fit. Cookies are text files, you can open and read the contents. The data within them is almost always encrypted with a numeric key corresponding to an Internet session so often has no meaning beyond the website who wrote it.

Informed consent

The use of this website on the other hand, implies that you paid your specific consent to the use of cookies, on the terms and conditions provided in this Cookies Policy, without prejudice to the measures of deactivation and removal of cookies that you can take, and mentioned in the previous section.